Zoroastrianism was founded in the 6th century
BC by the Persian prophet Zoroaster; at the time of Buddha. It was
the official religion of the Persian Empire until it was conquered
by Alexander the Great in 330 AC; if the battles at Marathon and
Salamis would have been won by the Persians, today we would have in
the Western Zoroastrianism, instead of Christianity... finally the
Muslims defeated them in the 7th century AC... the Zoroastrians were
scattered, and today there are left 115,000 around Bombay, in India;
7,000 in the United States.
In India the
Zoroastrians are called the Parsis (persians), they acquired vast
fortunes, in the cotton and steel industries, they have the highest
literacy rate in India, and their cultural and economic importance
is far out of proportion to their small numbers.
"monotheistic", but with a "dualistic"
System: Only one loving God, Ahura Mazda, the creator, who had 2
sons: One choose "Good", the other choose
"Evil" (Angra Mainya, Ahriman), the destructive
principle of greed, anger, and darkness (the Satan of
Christianity)... there is a constant fight between Good and
Evil, but at the end, in the year 2,600 AC Good will triumph,
there will be a "Final Judgment", the dead will be
resurrected, and there will be a Paradise on earth.
Their Bible is the "Avesta".
The priesthood is hereditary, and
is used in purification rituals in "fire temples"...
eventually, the priests practiced magic, divination astrology...
- Every man has to choose good or evil: If he
chooses "good", after death he will go to Eternal Heaven.
Those who choose "evil" will go to Hell, but despite the
terrors, there remain opportunities for the soul to escape if it
had influence on Christianity and Islam,
with the monotheistic view, Heaven, Hell, Judgment...
- The "dead"...
The Sun and earth are sacred, so much that the
dead can not be buried on earth... the Parsis in
the dead on the top of 3 "towers of silence" set in
gardens on a hill, where vultures consume the flesh,
because death is caused by the devil and the corpse is evil... the
have the same thoughts and practices on the dead.
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