1- "Mezuzah": A small
box of wood or metal containing 15 verses of the Bible, the "Shema"
attached to the doorpost of the house and of each room, reminder
of God's presence everywhere.
2- "Tefillin": Two small
boxes containing verses of the Bible, adjusted to the forehead and
left arm during the morning prayer, for the mind and the heart.
3- "Yarmulke" ("Kippa"):
Yiddish word for the skull-cap, as a sign of respect to God.
4- "Menorah": 7 branches
5- "Philacteries": Boy
putting them on for the morning prayer. 6-
"Star of David" ("Magen David",
"Shield of David", "Sign of the Messiah"):
Because David used a shield like this in battle. The Jews use it
since the 7th century AC; the Zionists adopted it as their symbol.
The Christians use it even before the 7th century, as the
"Star of Bethlehem" and the "Trinity" because
of the crossed triangles.
He is the Father of Judaism, in Gen.12; and in Gen.22, after
Abraham tried to offer his beloved son in sacrifice, says Yahweh:
"I swear by my own self, Yahweh declares, because you have
done this, because you have not refused me your own beloved son, I
will shower blessings on you, and make your descendants as
numerous as the stars of heaven and the grains of sand on the
The fulfillment of the promise is taking some time, but today,
Abraham is the Father of the Jews (17 million), the Father of the
Christians (2,100 million), and the Father of the Muslims (1,200
millions)... a total of 3,317 millions... half of the inhabitants
of the Earth!... and God has not finished yet!...
Judaism started with the Promise of God to Abram, in Gen.12,
2,000 years BC... The beginning of Hinduism, was 1,500 years BC,
at the times of Moses.
- In a "wide sense", "Judaism" is the sum of
the descendants of Abraham, as described above.
- In a "strict sense", "Jew", comes from
"Judah", the 4th of the 12 tribes of Israel, first used
in 2 Kings 16:6, to mean "the citizens of Judah". In
Jeremiah means the "members of Israel", the Southern
Kingdom. In the exile, in Esther, "a religious meaning was
added", with the distinction between "Jew" and
"Gentile". By the first century AC, "Jew" and
"Israel" had become almost synonymous terms, and in the
New Testament the words are used interchangeable.
"Judaism", today, is the religion practiced by Jews;
but it is not exactly, because the term "Jew" has both
an ethnic and a religious meaning, and not all Jews follow the
tenants of Judaism. In fact, the Kenesset, the parliament of the
state of Israel, defines Jew with an ethnic meaning, so that
atheists may be included in the category. We shall use the term in
both ways, though the religious meaning will naturally
"Hebrew", is the language of the Jews, but at times
referred to the "Jewish people".
"Palestine", from "Philistia", was the name
given by the Romans to the boundaries of the actual state of
The World Jewish population has been maintained on about 14
million people since 1974, even with the persecutions and the
great Nazi Holocaust (Pag.22-23).
In 1997 the figure is 17 million, with Israel gaining more than 2
million, surpassing Europe... it looks like it is the time of
2Macc.2, when God is gathering his people, and the Ark will appear
with the great miracle of the column of fire.
Asia - Israel: 3,135,000 - Rest: 76,000 America:
- U.S.A.: 5,860,000 - Canada: 305,000 - Argentina: 300,000 -
Brazil: 150,000 - Rest: 169,000 Europe: -
Soviet Union: 2,660,000 - France: 650,000 - U.K.: 410,000 -Rest:
422,000 Africa: - South Africa: 118,000 -
Rest: 56,000 Oceania: - Australia: 70,000 -
Rest: 5,000 1997: 17,400.000 Asia: 5,375,000 North
America: 6,900,000 South America: 1,050,000 Europe: 1,460,00
Former Soviet Union: 2,200.000 Africa: 320,000 Oceania: 95,000
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