APPLICATION OF FAITH
OR PILLARS OF ISLAM
Faith without action and practice is
dead, as far as Islam is concerned. Faith by nature is very
sensitive and can be most effective. When it is out of practice or
out of use, it quickly loses its liveliness and motivating power.
The only way to enliven Faith and make it serve its purpose is
practice. Practice provides Faith with nourishment, survival and
effectiveness. A person without Faith has no real source of
inspiration and, consequently, has no worthy objectives to attain
or even aspire to. The life such person is meaningless, and he
lives from day to day which is no life at all.
THE PRAYER ( SALAH )
The Purpose of Prayer
Prayer constitute one pillar of Islam and is considered the
Foundation of Religion . Any Muslim who fails to observe his
prayer and has no reasonable excuse is commiting a garve offense
and a heinous sin. To neglect prayer is to oppress the good
qualities in human nature and unjustifiably deny it right to adore
and love, the right to aspire and ascend, the right to excel in
goodness and achive noble aims. Here is an explanation how
importance is Prayer:
1. It strenghten the belief in the existence and goodness of God
and transmit this belief into the innermost recesses of man's
2. It helps man to realize his natural and instinctive aspirations
to greatness and high morality.
3. It purifies the heart and develops the mind, cultivate the
conscience and comfort the soul.
4. It foster the good and decent elements in man, and supresses
the evil and indecent inclinations.
5. A good habit of discipline and willpower.
6. A vigilant reminder of God and constant revelation of His
7. It is a devotional activity to keep man in contact touch with
8. To suppress his arrogance, revive his sense of promise and fuel
his faculties of goodness, righteousness, courage and fair
9. It is a disciplinary measure that makes the fine adjustments
10. Belief in Allah will weaken without prayer . Life is full of
temptation, money, business,sex,evil, and evil-doers. If a be
liever does not pray, most probably he will be overcome by the
physical temptations of life. So Prayer, a believer keeps in touch
with Allah. Prayer keeps reminding man of Allah.
ZAKAT ( POOR TAX )
In many instances in the Holy Qur'an, prayer and Zakat are
mentioned together. If you believe in Allah, pray to Him, submit
to Him and do good to other humans especially the poor or any
person who needs helps.
In the Holy Qur'an the word Zakah has no equivalent in any other
language as far as we know. It is not just a form of charity or
alms giving or tax or tithe, not kindness; it is all of these
combined and much more. The Qur'anic Zakah not only in cludes
charity, alms,kindness, divine tax, voluntary contributions etc.
The literal and simple meaning of Zakah is PURITY . The technical
meaning of the word designates that annual amount ( 2.5 % ) in
kind or coin which a Muslim must distribute among the rightful
beneficiaries. It is a humanitarian and sociopolitical value.
The Effect of Zakah
1. Zakah purifies the heart of the contributor from selfishness
and greed for wealth, as a result, the society at large will
purify and free itself from class warfare and suspicion, from ill
feeling and distrust, from corruption and disintegration, and from
all such evils.
2. Zakah mitigates to a minimum the suffering of the needy and
poor members of society. It is amost comforting consolation to
the less fortunate people.
3. Zakah is a healthy form of internal secuirty against selfish
greed and social dissension, against the instrusion and
penetration of suversive ideologies. It is an effective instrument
in cultivating the spirit of social responsibility on the part of
the contributor, and the feeling of secuirty and belonging on the
part of the recipient.
4. Zakah is a vivid manifestation of the spiritual and humanitar
ian spirit of responsive interactions between the individual and
society. It is a sound illustration of the fact that though Islam
does not hinder private enterprise or condemn private possesion,
yet it does not tolerate selfish and greedy capitalsim.
The Recipients Of Zakah
The Holy Qur'an classifies the recipients of Zakah :
1. The poor Muslims, to relieve their distress;
2. The needy Muslims, to supply them with means whereby they can
earn their livelihood.
3. The New Muslim ( reverts), to enable them to settle down and
meet their unusual needs;
4. The Muslim prisoners of war, to liberate them by payment of
5. The Muslims in debt, to free them from their liabilities
incured under pressing necessities.
6. The Muslim employees appointed by a Muslim governor for the
collection of Zakah to pay their wages;
7. The Muslims in service of the cause of God by means of research
or study or propagation of Islam. This share is to cover their
expenses and help them to continue their services.
8. The Muslim wayfarers who are stranded in a foreign land and in
need of help.
Way of Distribution
1. Zakah may be distributed directly to individuals of one or more
of the said classes, or to welfare organizations which look after
2. It may also be distributed in a form of scholarship to bright
and promising Muslim students and researchers, or in the form
of grants to welfare organizations and public institutions which
patronize such causes.
3. A disabled or invalid poor Muslim is preferable to one who is
able and capable of making earnings. The contributor should
use his best judgment in finding the most deserving benefiaries.
4. The contributor should not seek pride or fame by carrying out
this duty. He should make it as covert as possible so that he
may not be victimized by hypocracy or passion for vanity which
nullifies all good deeds.
The Fasting ( Sawm )
Fasting means to abstain " completely " from foods,
drinks, intimate intercourses and smoking, before the break of the
dawn till sunset, during the entire month of Ramadhan, the ninth
month of the Islamic Calendar. Here is an explanation of the
spiritual meaning of the Islamic Fasting.
1. It teaches man the principle of sincere love ; because when he
observes the Fasting he does it out of deep love for God. And the
man who loves God truly is a man who really knows what love is.
2. It equips man with a creative sense of Hope and an optimistic
outlook on life ; because when he fasts he is hoping to please God
and is seeking His Grace.
3. It imbues man with a genuine virtue of effective
Devotion,honest Dedication and closeness to God ; because when he
fasts he does so for God and for His sake alone.
4. It cultivates in man a vigilant and sound Concience ; because
the fasting person keeps His Fast secret as well as in public.
Fasting, especially, there is no mundane authority to check man's
behaviour or compel him to observe the Fasting. He keeps it to
please God and satisfy his own concience by being faithful in
secret and in public.
5. It indoctrinates man in Patience and Unselfishness; because
when he fasts he feels the pains of deprivation but endures
patiently. Truly this deprivation may be only temporary, yet there
is no doubt that the experience makes him realize the severe
effects of such pains on others. The meaning of this experience in
a social and humanitarians sense is that such a person is much
quicker than anybody else in symphatizing with his fellow men and
responding to their needs. And that is an eloquent of
unselfishness and genuine sympathy.
6. It is an effective lesson in applied Moderation and Willpower.
The person who observes his Fasting properly is certainly a man
who can discipline his passionate desires and place his self above
physical temptations. Such is theman of personality and
character, the man of willpower and determination.
7. It shows man a new way of Wise Saving and Sound Budgeting;
because normally when he eats quantities or less meals he apends
less money and effort. And this is a spiritual semester of home
economics and budgeting.
8. It enables man to master the art of Mature Adaptibility. We can
easily understand the point once we realize that Fasting
makes man change the entire course of his daily life. When he
makes the change, he naturally adapts himself to a new system and
moves along to satisfy the new rules. This, in long run, develops
in him a wise sense of adaptability and a self-created power to
overcome the unpredictable harships of life. A man who values
constructive adaptability and courage will readily appreciate the
effects of Fasting in this respect.
9. It grounds man in Discipline and Healthy Survival. When a man
observes the regular course of Fasting on consecutive days of the
month of Ramadhan, he is certainly applying himself to a high form
of discipline and a superb sense of order . Similarly, when he
relieves his stomach and relaxes his digestive system, he is
indeed insuring his body, not to metion the soul, against all harm
that result from stomach overcharge . In this manner of relaxation
he may be sure that his body will survive free from the usual
disorder and break, and that his soul will continue to shine
purely and peacefully.
10. It originates in man the real Spirit of Social Belonging of
Unity and Brotherhood, of Equality before God as well as before
the Law. This spirit is the natural product of that when man
fasts, he feels that he is joining the whole Muslim society in
observing the same duty in the same manner at the same time for
the same motives to the same end . No sociologist can say that
there has been at any period of history anything comparable to
this institution of Islam. People have been crying throughout the
ages for acceptable belonging, for unity, for brotherhood, for
equality, but how echoless their voices has been, and how very
little success they have meet !.
11. It is a Godly prescription for self-reassurance and
self-control. When a man fasts in the proper manner, he is in
control of himself,exercises full command over his passions,
disciplines his desires and resits all evil temptation.
PILGRIMAGE ( HAJJ )
The performance of Hajj is obligatory, at least once in a ifetime,
upon every Muslim, male or female, who is mentally, financially
and physically fit. The course of Hajj is another unique
characteristics of Islam. It is enjoined by God to serve many
purposes among which are the following:
1. It is the largest annual convention of Faith where Muslims meet
to know one another. It is also the greatest regular confer
ence of peace known in the history of mankind.
2. It is a wholesome demonstration of the universality of Islam
and the Brotherhood and equality of the Muslims . From all walks
of life,from all trades and classes, and from every corner of the
globe the Muslims assemble at Mecca in response to the call of
God. They dress in the same simple way, observe the same
regulations, utter the same supplications at the same time in the
same way, for the same end. There is no royalty of all to God.
There is no Aristocracy, but humility and devotion.
3. It is to confirm the commitment of the Muslims to God and their
readiness to forsake the material interests in His service.
4. It is to acquint the pilgrims with the spiritual and historical
environment of Prophet Muhammad, so that they may derive warm
inspirations and strenghten their Faith.
5. It is to commemorate the Divine rituals observed b y Abraham
and Ishmail, who are known to have been the first pilgrims to the
first house of God on Earth ( Kaabah in Mecca )
6. It is a reminder of the Grand Assembly on the Day of Judgment
when people will stand equal before God, waiting for their Final
Destiny, and where no superiority of race or stock can claimed. It
is also a reminder of the fact that Mecca alone, in the whole
existing world, was honoured by God in being the centre of Mono
theism since the time of Abraham, and that it will continue to be
the centre of Islam, the religion of pure monotheism, till the end
In the performance of Hajj it can easily be observed that it is a
course of spiritual enrichment and moral rearmament, a course of
intensified devotion and disciplinary experience, a course of
humanitarian interests and inspiring knowledge -- all put together
in one single institution of Islam.
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